“Partisan responding” is making it more difficult to interpret public opinion polls in today’s polarized political climate. This is helpful to understand for any advocates using polling in their political work. "Partisan responding” refers to respondents treating polls as a way to express their loyalty to the political party they support, including on questions that aren’t overtly political in nature. Some of the most common evidence for this phenomenon is how partisans tend to give more positive ratings of the country’s economic situation, and even their own financial situations, when their party holds the presidency. Partisan responding is also widespread in polling on energy and environmental issues. Self-identified Republicans, for example, have been much more likely than Democrats to express concern about the country’s energy situation since President Biden took office and much less likely than Democrats to report direct experience with extreme weather events.
How partisanship is making polling Americans more complicated